Energy exists in different forms in nature but the most important form is the “electrical energy” and power engineering is a subfield that deals with the generation, transmission, distribution and utilization of electric power, and the electrical apparatus connected to such system. The modern society is so much dependent upon the use of electrical energy that it has become a part and parcel of our life. The greater the per capita consumption of energy in a country, the higher is the standard of living of its people. Energy is available in various forms from different sources such as pressure head of water, chemical energy of fuels, nuclear energy of radioactive substances, geothermal, heat energy radiated by the sun, wind energy, renewable fuels, etc. and all these forms of energy can be converted into electrical energy by the use of suitable arrangements that employ essentially an alternator coupled to a prime mover that in turn is driven by the energy obtained from various previous sources. De Lorenzo has designed a complete laboratory, with industrial components where required mounted on didactic panels, that covers the main configurations of power engineering topics such as power generation, power transmission and distribution, energy utilization and protection techniques. Other two important laboratories, very related to the topic, are available such as Wind Power Plant (WPP) and Smart Grid system (SGWD). They are dedicated to high schools and first years of university.
Introduction: The electrical energy is today an essential factor for the industrial and social development of any country. It is commonly obtained from non-re-generative sources such as fossil fuels, and as consumption per capita and population grow, its limited production needs to be efficiently managed to satisfy the increasing world demand.
Modern electric power systems have grown and expanded geographically becoming more and more complex. The planning, monitoring, and management of such systems, require advanced analysis and control techniques for network interconnection, energy management and storage, and the integration of distributed renewable energy sources in the future Smart Grid implementations.
The GTU trainer has been designed to provide students with a fully comprehensive knowledge in Electrical Power Engineering systems, subdivided into four major study areas:
• Electric power generation
• Electric power transmission and distribution
• Electric power use
• Protection techniques